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Science Quiz of the week: Niobium

NIOBIUM

Why in news?

Parker Solar Probe of NASA, which will explore secrets of corona of solar atmosphere, will utilize Niobium shield against intense solar heat.

Features

  • Is a lustrous, grey, ductile & para magnetic metal.
  • It becomes super conductor at cryogenic temperature
  • Brazil is its largest producer, followed by Canada

Its uses and applications

It is used as

  • Super alloys for gas pipelines, gas turbines, jet & rocket engines and rocket sub-assemblies
  • Super conducting magnet in Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Nuclear Magnetic Resonance and particle accelerators like Large Hadron Collider (LHC)
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