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Nilgiri Hills: Some facts

Salient features of Nilgiri Hills

  • It forms parts of Western Ghat shared among Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Kerala.
  • Its northern boundary is formed by Moyar River and southern boundary by Pal Ghat
  • Moyar River separates it from Karnataka Plateau while Pal Ghat separates it from Annaimalai
  • It is the part of Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve.
  • It houses, probably, the highest number of exotic species in the world.
  • Main vegetation of the region is Montane Grasslands and shrublands interspersed with Shola forests.
  • Nilgiri tahr is endemic to Nilgiri Hillls

Threat to Nilgiri biodiversity include

  1. Extensive tea plantation.
  2. Extensive commercial plantation of Eucalyptus and wattle
  3. Introduction of large varieties of exotic species.
  4. Attack by invasive species like Scotch broom.
  5. Easy motor vehicle access.
  • Nilgiri Sub cluster of Western Ghat has been declared as world Heritage site by UNESCO in 2012.

Nilgiri Sub cluster include

  1. Mudumalai National Park of Tamil Nadu
  2. Mukurthi National Park of  Tamil Nadu
  3. Nagarhole National Park of Karnataka
  4. Bandipur National Park of Karnataka
  5. Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary of Kerala
  6. Sathyamangalam Wild life sanctuary of Tamil Nadu
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