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ENVIRONMENT & ECOLOGY TOPICS FOR CIVIL SERVICES-2016: Biodiversity

In the Civil Services exam, questions on environment are asked mainly from FOUR sections. They are

  1. BIODIVERSITY
  2. CLIMATE CHANGE, ITS IMPACT AND HUMAN EFFORTS
  3. ECOLOGICAL IMBALANCES AND INDIAN EFFORTS
  4. WORLD CONFERENCES/ MEETING/PROTOCOLS/ ORGANISATIONS

The first section deals in biodiversity, its endangered component and future course of action. All these have to be related to one or the other news.

The other parts will be released the next week.

NOTE: DETAILS ABOUT THE NEWS WILL BE PUBLISHED SHORTLY.

NEWS-1: Mangrove forest at risk in South-East Asia:

In a latest report of National University of Singapore, the area under mangrove forest in South East Asia has been estimated to have declined at faster rate than actually assumed.

NEWS-2: Cheetahs racing towards extinction, fear researchers

NEWS-3: Invasive species of snowflake coral discovered off coast of Thiruvananthapuram Recently scientists have discovered presence of several colonies of an invasive species of snowflake coral off the coast of Thiruvananthapuram and Kanyakumari.

NEWS-4: US adds Indian lion breed to endangered species list

The US will place a breed of lion found in India and Africa in the endangered species list in a bid to curb the dramatic decline of their population.

NEWS-5: India formally endorsed the South Asia Wildlife Enforcement Network (SAWEN)

It is an initiative to promote regional cooperation among South Asian countries to curb wildlife crime and illegal wildlife trade.

NEWS-6: New bird species named Himalayan Forest Thrush discovered in India

Himalayan Forest Thrush Scientists have discovered a new bird species named Himalayan Forest Thrush in northeastern India and adjacent parts of China.

NEWS-7: Pakistan’s Supreme Court lifted the ban on hunting Houbara bustards

The Houbara bustard, which resembles a turkey in shape, migrates in thousands from Central Asia to Pakistan and India every winter.

NEWS-8: The gharial lost its freedom after traveling 1000 km

NEWS-9: Sundarbans buzzes with discovery of solitary bee

A “solitary bee” species was recently discovered in the Sundarbans Biosphere Reserve.

NEWS-10: Bear population up and counting at the Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve

NEWS-11: Hopes on habitat revive as vultures feed at ‘restaurant’

NEWS-12: MP to notify Ratapani as wildlife division

NEWS-13: Chinese demand for ivory alternative, threatens rare Hornbill bird

Increased demand for alternative ivory in China has now threatened Hornbill, due to curb on illegal ivory trade of African elephant.

NEWS-14: Sumatran rhino sighted in Indonesian Borneo for first time in 40 years

Conservationists have made the first physical contact in over four decades with a Sumatran rhino in Indonesian Borneo.

NEWS-15: Great Indian Bustards ‘extinct’ in Nashik region, not spotted since 2007

The majestic Great Indian Bustards (GIBs) are vanishing from sight, at least in the Nashik region.
NEWS-16: Agasthyamala Biosphere Reserve added to the World Network of Biosphere Reserves

NEWS-17: Turtles set for a safe haven in Goa

NEWS-18: Ecosystem context and historical contingency in apex predator recoveries

NEWS-19: Amazon surprises with new reef system

Scientists have discovered a new reef system at the mouth of the Amazon River, the largest river by discharge of water in the world.

NEWS-20: Rare primate sighted in Arunachal Pradesh

A group of wildlife photographers and biologists in India have reported sighting of a new species of primate, the White-Cheeked Macaque, in Arunachal Pradesh.

NEWS-21: Growing back our broadleaf forests

Forest fires highlight a larger cycle of threats in the western Himalaya. Increasing the area under broadleaf forests throughout is the only way forward

NEWS-22: Review plea in HC over shifting of tiger Ustad

NEWS-23: Cambodia’s last royal turtles on verge of extinction

Efforts to save Cambodia’s royal turtle, one of the world’s most critically endangered species, are being hampered by dredging and illegal forest clearances, a wildlife conservation group warned.

NEWS-24: Kenya to host historic wildlife summit and destroy 120 tonnes of ivory

Preparations are underway in Kenya for the inaugural Giants Club conservation summit that will be hosted by the country’s president Uhuru Kenyatta.

NEWS-25: Big cats removed from Thailand’s infamous Tiger Temple

Wildlife authorities in Thailand have raided a Buddhist temple where tigers are kept, taking away 40 of the animals and vowing to confiscate scores more in response to global pressure over wildlife trafficking.

NEWS-26: Hangul, the rare Kashmir deer, may soon go extinct

NEWS-27: Windmills posing threat to Bustards in Jaisalmer

NEWS-28: 110 rhinos died in Indian zoos from 1965 to 2015: Study

NEWS-29: Himalayan vulture sighted in Nilgiris

NEWS-30: Pizzly or grolar bear: grizzly-polar hybrid is a new result of climate change

NEWS-31: Rare Himalayan brown bear sightings cheer conservationists in Kashmir

News-32: Ranthambore lost its most famous tiger because of hoteliers’ lobby

Ranthambore hoteliers, scared that the park’s most-watched tiger may scare away guests leaned on and used their clout to have T24 relocated to Udaipur zoo, and got the operation so secret that even forest minister Raj Kumar Rinwa was kept in the dark

News-33: Melanistic tigers exhibited in Nandankanan zoo

In what might be a first, Nandankanan Zoological Park has put two melanistic tigers in zoo enclosure for visitors.

News-34: Rare panda triplets in China celebrate first birthday

The world’s only surviving panda triplets recently celebrated their first birthday in a zoo in southern China.

News-35:Sumatran rhino extinct in the Malaysian wild

Despite intensive survey efforts, there have been no signs of the species in the country since 2007: researchers

News-36: Hornbill hunting restricts the spread of forests: Study

According to the study, hunting down hornbills has a direct impact on the spread of forests as the bird is known for its seed dispersal abilities.
News-37: Nilgiri tahr population over 3,000: WWF-India

Perhaps, in the first-ever comprehensive study of the Nilgiri tahr population in Western Ghats, the WWF-India has put the population at 3,122 and added that with diligent conservation and planning, the population could reach the 5,000 mark.

News-38: Tamil Nadu state government has banned Ketoprofen

A non-steroid anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) banned to save critically endangered vulture population in the state.

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