uk essay writer

25 Most endangered Primates of the world

According to the latest list of Earth’s 25 most endangered primates, Madagaskar alone houses 5 and India 1. For India, Himalayan Grey Langur was included in the list as most endangered primate of India.

The list of 25 most endangered primates, is updated every two years by scientists from the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN), the Bristol Zoological Society (BZS), the International Primatological Society (IPS) and Conservation International (CI).

Indian primates in the previous lists

  1. Western hoolock Gibbon-
  • Till 2008 it was in the most endangered primates
  • Now it is in the endangered list of IUCN
  • Population: NE India, Myanmar, Bangladesh
  1. Lion tailed macaque
  • Till 2010 it was in the most endangered primates
  • Now it is in the endangered list of IUCN
  • Population: Kerala, TN & Karnataka

The list released in December, 2015

  1. Red-ruffed lemur:
  • Forests of the Masoala Peninsula in northeastern Madagascar
  • Population: Unknown; thought to be in sharp decline due to habitat loss, with its total population shrinking by an estimated 80 percent in 24 years
  • IUCN Status – Critically Endangered
  1. Rondo dwarf galago 
  • Seven isolated forest patches in Tanzania
  • Population: Unknown; remaining habitat is just 100 square km (40 square miles)
  • IUCN Status – Critically Endangered
  1. Philippine tarsier
  • Range: Mindanao island group, the Philippines
  • Population: Locally common and widespread, according to IUCN, but decreasing rapidly as it’s “heavily harvested as food and especially for the pet trade”
  • IUCN Status: Near Threatened
  1. Javan slow loris
  • Range:Three provinces in Indonesia
  • Population:Unknown; severely fragmented and believed to be decreasing
  • IUCN Status – Critically Endangered
  1. Pig-tailed langur
  • Range:Mentawai Archipelago, Indonesia
  • Population:3,300 and decreasing, largely due to illegal hunting — even in protected areas such as Siberut National Park, a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve
  • IUCN Status – Critically Endangered
  1. Hainan gibbon
  1. Cat Ba langur, aka golden headed langur
  • Range:Exists only on Cat Ba Island, off the northeastern coast of Vietnam
  • Population:60, although recent conservation efforts have slowed decline
  • IUCN Status – Critically Endangered
  1. Delacour’s langur
  • Range:Highly restricted area of north-central Vietnam
  • Population:234 to 275, fragmented into 19 isolated subpopulations
  • IUCN Status – Critically Endangered
  1. Eastern lowland gorilla, aka Grauer’s gorilla
  • Range:Rain forests in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Population:2,000 to 10,000, down from 17,000 in mid-1990s
  • IUCN Status:Endangered (upgrade to Critically Endangered expected in 2016)
  1. Kashmir grey langur
  • Range:Chamba Valley, northwestern India
  • Population:Unknown; estimated to be fewer than 500 individuals
  • IUCN Status:Endangered
  1. San Martín titi monkey
  • Range:San Martín region, Peru
  • Population:Unknown; thought to have declined by at least 80 percent since 1985 due to the region’s high rate of deforestation
  • IUCN Status:Critically Endangered
  1. Tonkin snub-nosed monkey
  • Range:Five small forest patches in far northeastern Vietnam
  • Population:Fewer than 250 and declining, due mainly to hunting
  • IUCN Status:Critically Endangered
  1. Ka’apor capuchin
  • Range:Maranhão and Pará, Brazil (eastern Amazon rain forest)
  • Population:Unknown; only three groups are considered viable over the next 100 years
  • IUCN Status:Critically Endangered
  1. Ecuadorian brown-headed spider monkey
  • Range:Pacific coast of Ecuador, possibly southern Colombia
  • Population:Unknown; has already become locally extinct in several areas amid heavy deforestation and hunting
  • IUCN Status:Critically Endangered
  1. Sumatran orangutan
  • Range:Northern Sumatra, Indonesia
  • Population:6,600, fragmented among nine habitat units by extensive logging and forest clearing in recent years, largely for palm-oil plantations
  • IUCN Status:Critically Endangered
  1. Northern brown howler monkey
  • Range:Minas Gerais, Brazil
  • Population:Fewer than 250 mature animals living in 10 forest patches
  • IUCN Status:Critically Endangered
  1. Colombian brown spider monkey
  • Range:Northeastern Colombia and western Venezuela, with an isolated population in northeastern Venezuela
  • Population:Unknown; most of its former habitat is now either cattle ranches or palm-oil plantations
  • IUCN Status:Critically Endangered
  1. Roloway monkey
  • Range:Upper Guinean tropical forests, Ghana and Ivory Coast
  • Population:Unknown; considered to be “on the very verge of extinction,” according to the BZS, due to habitat loss and poaching for bushmeat
  • IUCN Status:Endangered
  1. Preuss’ red colobus monkey
  • Range:Moist, high-canopy forests of Cameroon and Nigeria
  • Population:Unknown; its disappearance from much of its range since the early 20th century is widely blamed on overhunting and habitat loss
  • IUCN Status:Critically Endangered
  1. Tana River red colobus monkey
  • Range:Gallery-forest fragments along 60 km (37 miles) of Kenya’s Tana River
  • Population:1,000 and declining; could “very quickly move into the Critically Endangered category,” according to IUCN
  • IUCN Status:Endangered
  1. Western purple-faced langur
  • Range:Forests around Colombo, Sri Lanka’s most densely populated region
  • Population:Unknown; 80 percent of its historical range is now urbanized
  • IUCN Status:Critically Endangered
  1. Lavasoa Mountains dwarf lemur
  • Range:Lavasoa-Ambatotsirongorongo Mountains, southern Madagascar
  • Population:Unknown; forest cover is declining in its already small, isolated and fragmented habitat
  • IUCN Status:Undetermined (discovered in 2001; identified as a unique species in 2013)
  1. Lake Alaotra bamboo lemur
  • Range:Papyrus and reed beds surrounding Lac Alaotra, Madagascar
  • Population:2,500 to 5,000 and decreasing, due to hunting and habitat loss
  • IUCN Status:Critically Endangered
  1. Perrier’s sifaka
  • Range:Dry deciduous and semi-humid forests of northeastern Madagascar; described as “very restricted” distribution by IUCN
  • Population:1,700 to 2,600 and decreasing, largely due to conversion of its marsh habitat to rice fields
  • IUCN Status:Critically Endangered
  1. Northern sportive lemur
  • Range:Patches of forest near the villages of Madirobe and Ankarongana in the Sahafary region of northern Madagascar
  • Population:Around 50 and decreasing, mainly due to loss of forest for eucalyptus plantations, firewood and charcoal production
  • IUCN Status:Critically Endangered
Please follow and like us:
error: Content is protected !!