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Pradhan Mantri Gramodaya Yojana

Pradhan Mantri Gramodaya Yojana

PMGY is planned on the pattern of Indira Awas Yojana and will be implemented in the entire country, except Delhi and Chandigarh.

PMGY encompasses three basic need of human being

  1. Housing
  2. Drinking water
  3. Sanitation

Aims and objectives of PMGY

  1. To reduce the shortage of houses of BPL families in rural India
  2. To assist in the development of healthy habitat in rural India

Features

  1. Target group: BPL families
  • SC/ ST
  • Free bonded labour
  • BPL Non-SC/ ST category
  • BPL disabled person

NOTE: Not more than 40% of the total allocation during a financial year can be utilized for the construction of dwellings of non SC/ ST BPL families and 3% will be earmarked for the benefit of disabled BPL families.

  1. Identification of Beneficiaries:
  • The District Rural Development Agencies (DRDAs)/Zilla Parishads will decide the number of houses to be constructed, Panchayat-wise, and the same will immediately be intimated to the Gram Panchayat.
  • The Gram Sabha will select the beneficiaries from the list of eligible households, restricting this number to the target allotted.
  • The Intermediate-level Panchayat (Panchayat Samiti) will invariably be sent a lot of selected beneficiaries.
  1. Allotment of Houses:
  • The allotment of dwelling units will be in the name of female member of the beneficiary household
  • Alternatively, the dwelling unit can be allotted in the name of both husband and wife.
  1. Location of House:
  • Dwelling units will normally be built on individual plots in the main habitation of the village.
  • The houses can also be built in a cluster within a habitation, so as to facilitate the development of infrastructure, such as internal roads, drainage, drinking water supply and other common facilities.
  • Care should always be taken to ensure that the houses are located close to the village and not too far away so as to ensure safety and security, proximity to place of work and for social communication.
  1. Involvement of Beneficiaries:
  • The beneficiaries will have complete freedom as to manner of construction of the house.
  • No contractor is to be engaged for the construction of dwelling units.
  • The house should also not be constructed by any Government Department/Organization who may, however, extend technical assistance and arrange for coordinated supply for raw materials such as cement, steel or bricks, if the beneficiaries so require.
  • The spirit underlying the Scheme is that the house is not to be constructed/delivered by any external agency and is to be constructed by the beneficiary himself/herself.
  • Efforts should be made to utilize local materials and cost-effective technologies (development by various institutions) to the maximum possible extent.
  • No type design should be prescribed for dwelling units, except that the plinth area of the houses should not be less than 20 sq. mts.
  • The layout, size and type design of dwelling units should depend on the local conditions and the preference of the beneficiary the houses should be designed in accordance with the wishes of the beneficiaries, keeping in view the climatic conditions and the need to provide ample space, kitchen, ventilation, sanitary facilities and smokeless chulha as also the community perceptions, preferences and cultural attitudes.
  • The barrier free concept may be incorporated in the construction of houses meant for the disabled, with a view to facilitate his/her smooth movement in the house.
  • In areas susceptible to natural calamities (such as fire, flood cyclones and earthquakes), the incorporation of disaster resistant features in the design should be encouraged.
  1. Provision of Smokeless Chulha and Sanitary Latrine :
  • It should be ensured that all dwelling units are provided with smokeless chulhas which are fuel efficient and, being smoke-free, are more convenient to sue.
  • The construction of sanitary latrines will form an integral part of the PMGY (GA) dwelling unit.
  • Plantation of trees in the habitat (or around the individual house) should simultaneously be taken up.
  1. Ceiling of Construction Assistance:
  • The Ceiling of Construction Assistance under the Scheme will be Rs.20,000 per unit for plains areas and Rs.22.000 per unit for hilly/difficult areas.
  • For the conversion of unserviceable kutcha houses into pucca/semi pucca hoses, the maximum assistance will be limited to Rs.10,000
  1. Mode of Implementation:
  • The Proposals will be forwarded by the State Governments to the Government of India under the Scheme.
  • In additional to proposals for houses for the poor, the proposals may also include provision for internal roads, drainage, drinking water, plantation, improvement of habitation and for making houses cyclone and earth quake resistant.
  • The maximum provision for these items will not exceed 10% of the proposal cost.
  • Upto 20% of the proposal funds could be utilized for the conversion of unserviceable kutcha houses into pucca/semi pucca houses
  • The proposals received from the State authorities will be scrutinized/sanctioned by a Committee chaired by Secretary (Rural Development).
  1. Present provisions (23rd March, 2016)
  • An eligible family living in plains will get Rs. 1.20 lakh and those living in “hilly and difficult” areas will receive an assistance of Rs. 1.30 lakh under the scheme.
  • The identification and prioritisation of beneficiaries will be done using information from Socio Economic and Caste Census (SECC).
  • The beneficiary will be entitled to 90 days of unskilled labour from MGNREGA.
  • The cost of unit assistance to be shared between Central and State Governments in the ratio 60:40 in plain areas and 90:10 for North Eastern and hilly states.
  • The scheme would be implemented in rural areas throughout India except Delhi and Chandigarh. Under the existing rural housing scheme (Indira Awaas Yojana), financial assistance of Rs. 70,000 in plains areas and Rs. 75,000 in hilly/difficult areas is provided.

 

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