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India tops Global Slavery Index

According to the 2016 Global Slavery Index, released by Australia-based human rights group Walk Free Foundation, an estimated 45.8 million people, including women and children, are subject to some form of modern slavery in the world, compared to 35.8 million in 2014.

Findings of Walk Free Foundation

  • India with 35 million slaves among its 1.3 billion populations has the highest absolute numbers of people trapped in slavery.
  • Five countries account for 58% of the world’s enslaved. They are: India (18.35 million), China (3.39 million), Pakistan (2.13 million), Bangladesh (1.53 million) and Uzbekistan (1.23 million)
  • North Korea has the highest incidence (4.37 per cent of the population) and the weakest government response to deal with it.
  • Incidences of slavery were found in all 167 countries in the index, with Asian countries occupying the top five places.
  • The countries with the highest estimated prevalence of modern slavery by the proportion of their population are North Korea, Uzbekistan, Cambodia, Cambodia, India, and Qatar.
  • The countries with the lowest estimated prevalence of modern slavery by the proportion of their population are Luxembourg, Ireland, Norway, Denmark, Switzerland, Austria, Sweden and Belgium, the United States and Canada, Australia and New Zealand.

Definition of slavery

Modern slavery refers to situations of exploitation that a person cannot leave because of

  • Threats
  • Violence
  • Coercion
  • Abuse of power or deception.

Causes of Slavery in India

  • Poverty
  • Illiteracy
  • Seasonal unemployment
  • Poor infrastructure
  • Social custom
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