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Swedish General to head UNMOGIP to monitor India, Pakistan ceasefire

A high-ranking Swedish military official, Maj Gen Lodin will be the new head of the United Nations mission tasked with monitoring the ceasefire line between India and Pakistan in Jammu and Kashmir.

He succeeds Major General Delali Johnson Sakyi of Ghana, who completes his two-year assignment on July 2. He was appointed by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon as the Chief Military Observer and Head of the Mission for the United Military Observer Group in India- Pakistan (UNMOGIP).

According to the Security Council mandate given under Resolution 307 of 1971, UNMOGIP

  1. Observes and reports on ceasefire violations along and across the Line of Control
  2. Reports developments that could lead to ceasefire violations.

UNMOGIP comprises of military observers, international and local civilian personnel. The observer group is financed by the United Nations regular budget and appropriations for biennium 2014 — 2015 are $19.64 million.

Indian and Pak position with regard to UNMOGIP

  • The military authorities of Pakistan have continued to lodge complaints with UNMOGIP about ceasefire violations.
  • Indian position:
  1. India has maintained that UNMOGIP has outlived its utility and is irrelevant after the Shimla Agreement and the consequent establishment of the Line of Control (LOC).
  2. The military authorities of India have lodged no complaints since January 1972
  3. Have restricted the activities of the UN observers on the Indian side of the Line of Control.
  4. They have, however, continued to provide accommodation, transport and other facilities to UNMOGIP.
  • The Secretary-General maintains that UNMOGIP could be terminated only by a decision of the Security Council. In the absence of such an agreement, UNMOGIP has been maintained with the same arrangements as established following December 1971 ceasefire.

 

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