Mock Test for IAS Prelims-2017: Geography

Q.1. Based on the following descriptions, name the region that correctly match with them:

  1. Soil of the area is mainly laterite.
  2. Vegetation is evergreen.
  3. Herbivores are generally not found in the area.
  1. Savanna of Africa
  2. Java island of Indonesia
  3. Vancouver
  4. Western coast of Peru

Q.2.Tropical grassland of Africa is frequently visited by fire because

  1. Area is close to the Saharan & Namibian hot desert.
  2. Area is close to the equator with relatively high temperature.

 

  1. Both are correct explanations
  2. Only 1 is correct explanations
  3. Only 2 is correct explanations
  4. Either a or b can be explanations

Q.3.Why Needle leaves are common in coniferous forests?

  1. Needle leaves reduces transpiration rate due to reduced surface
  2. Reduced surface area reduces chances of exposure to extreme cold.
  3. Needle leaves reduces chances of snow, sticking to the leaves & thus breaking it.
  1. All
  2. 1 & 2
  3. 1 & 3
  4. 2 & 3

Q.4.Which of the following vegetation is found in India but not in Africa?

  1. Savanna type grassland
  2. Schlerophyll Forest
  3. Hot deserts
  4. Cold deserts
  5. Alpine forest
  1. 1, 2 & 3
  2. 4 & 5
  3. 2, 4 & 5
  4. 3, 4 & 5

Q.5.Baja Peninsula has desert like condition because of

  1. Off-shore trade wind
  2. Cold Canary Current
  3. Subsidence of air
  4. Shift of ITCZ brings it under the influence of off shore Westerly
  1. All
  2. 1 & 2
  3. 1 & 3
  4. 1, 3 & 4

Q.6.It is said that farm forestry will risk food security. What arguments are given for the above statement?

  1. Farm forestry reduces agriculture land.
  2. Farm forestry reduces fertility of the soil.
  3. Farm forestry reduces the income of farmers in the long run.
  4. Farm forestry has long gestation period as compared to food crops.
  1. 1 & 2
  2. 2 & 3
  3. 2, 3 & 4
  4. 1 & 4

Q.7.Consider the following features:

  1. Small and Waxy leaves
  2. Deep roots
  3. Branching aligned with gravity of earth

Now, select the places with such features:

  1. Chile
  2. Natal province
  3. North-Eastern Australia

 

  1. All
  2. 1 & 2
  3. 1 & 3
  4. 2 & 3

Q.8. Which of the following agronomic practices improve fertility as well as restricts soil erosion?

  1. Crop rotation
  2. Multiple cropping
  3. Terraced farming
  4. Green manuring

 

  1. All
  2. 1,2 and 3
  3. 1,2 and 4
  4. Only 4

Q.9. Which of the following adaptations of Mangrove tree are used to make up lower oxygen level in the soil?

  1. Pneumatophores .
  2. Stilt roots
  3. Orientation of leaves
  4. Impermeable roots

 

  1. All
  2. 1, 2 & 3
  3. 1, 2 & 4
  4. 1 & 2

Q.10. Xerophytes or xerophytic adaptations of plants are common in

  1. Sahara
  2. Savanna
  3. Mediterranean belt

 

  1. All
  2. Only I
  3. Only I & II
  4. Only I & III

Q.11. Consider the following deserts:

  1. Kalahari
  2. Atacama
  3. Patagonia

Which of the above deserts resulted due to their location in the rain shadow areas?

  1. All
  2. 1 and 2
  3. 2 and 3
  4. 1 and 3

Q.12. Ladakh is a cold desert because

  1. It is surrounded by great mountains.
  2. It has higher elevation
  3. Both a and b
  4. None of the above

Q.13.Which one of the following is not a characteristic of the equatorial and tropical rain forest?

  1. A lush green biome
  2. Broadleaf evergreen trees
  3. Dense canopy usually arranged in three levels.
  4. Low diversity in plants and animals

Q.14. Consider the causative factors for different deserts:

  1. Cold current washing the shore
  2. Off-shore trade wind
  3. Subsidence of air

Now, consider the following location of such deserts:

  1. North-western coast of Africa
  2. Continental southern Argentina
  3. Western China

Which of the above mentioned region has desert due to all the mentioned causes?

  1. A and B
  2. Only A
  3. B & C
  4. None of the above

Q.15. Taiga region has coniferous forest. Which of the following are the chief characteristics of this type of forest?

  1. Leaves are spindle shaped.
  2. Trees have thick bark.
  3. Trees have broad canopy.
  1. All
  2. Only I
  3. Only I & II
  4. Only I & III

Q.16. A place near Equator

  1. Receive more insolation than a place near Tropics.
  2. Has more dense vegetation cover than a place near Tropics.
  3. Both a & b are correct.
  4. None of the above is correct.

Q.17. Humus content in the soil is almost absent in the Equatorial area. This is mainly because of

  1. High Rainfall
  2. High Temperature
  3. High bacterial activity

 

  1. All
  2. Only III
  3. Only II & III
  4. Only I & III

Q.18. Mediterranean area has xerophytes because

  1. This region receives rainfall in winter.
  2. Summer is dry in this region.
  3. Trees of this region have deep roots.
  4. Both a and b are correct explanations.

Q.19. Savanna and Campos are the Tropical grasslands. However, they do not differ in

  1. Savanna is frequently visited by fire while it is not so in case of Campos as Savanna is surrounded by hot and dry conditions
  2. Savanna has dense but short grasses while Campos has tall grasses.
  3. Savanna has large number of herbivorous and Campos has large varieties of carnivores.
  4. Savanna supports intensive cultivation while Campos supports large scale wheat cultivation.

 

  1. Only 1
  2. 2, 3 and 4
  3. 1 and 2
  4. 2 and 3

Q.20.Select the correct pairs

  1. Tropical Rainforest – High temperature & High rainfall
  2. Coniferous Forest – Low temperature & Continuous rainfall
  3. Monsoon Forest – High temperature & Wet summer
  4. Schlerophyll Forest– High temperature & Continuous rainfall
  1. All
  2. 1, 2 & 3
  3. 1 & 2
  4. 2 & 3

Q.21.Which of the following features are associated with Podzol soil?

  1. Needle leaves
  2. Monoculture
  3. Deciduous tree
  4. Evergreen forest
  5. Broad leaved forest
  1. 1, 2 & 4
  2. 3, 4 & 5
  3. 4 & 5
  4. Only 1

Q.22.Laterite soil is considered infertile because of

  1. High percolation and leaching
  2. High temperature
  3. Less bacterial activities
  1. All
  2. 1 & 2
  3. 2 & 3
  4. 1 & 3

Q.23.Which of the following vegetation types are found in India?

  1. Alpine forest
  2. Schlerophyll forest
  3. Tropical Monsoon forest
  4. Moist evergreen forest
  5. Dry evergreen forest
  1. 1, 2, 3 & 4
  2. 1, 3, 4 & 5
  3. 2, 3, 4 & 5
  4. 1 & 2

Q.24. African Savanna differs from Brazilian Campos in all except:

  1. African Savanna has tall grasses as compared to Brazilian Campos
  2. African Savanna has little drier climate as compared to Brazilian Campos
  3. African Savanna has chestnut soil while Brazilian Campos has chernozem soil
  4. African Savanna has more bio-diversity as compared to Brazilian Campos

Q.25. Which of the following features are associated with a particular vegetation of Central Africa?

  1. Broad leaves
  2. Laterite soil
  3. Epiphytes and Lianas
  4. Herbivores and carnivores

 

  1. All
  2. 1, 2 & 3
  3. 1 & 2
  4. 1, 3 & 4

Q.26. Cyclones rarely form along the equator due to

  1. The weak Coriolis effect present in the region.
  2. The weak Rossby number present in the region
  3. Both a & b are correct explanations
  4. None of the above is correct explanation

Q.27. Which of the following areas are visited by on shore Trade Winds?

  1. NW Australia
  2. E. South Africa
  3. NE North America
  4. Yemen
  1. All
  2. 1 & 2
  3. 3 & 4
  4. None of the above

Q.28. Rain shadow areas receive less rainfall because

  1. In it is zone, clouds loose height
  2. Clouds have less moisture
  3. Descending clouds gains relative humidity.
  4. Descending clouds gains moisture
  1. 1 & 4
  2. 2 & 3
  3. 1, 2 & 3
  4. 1, 2 & 4

Q.29. Consider the following sources/ processes of water vapour in the atmosphere:

  1. Combustion
  2. Evaporation
  3. Transpiration
  4. Geysers

Now, select the processes which have human as well as nature’s role:

  1. 1 & 2
  2. 1, 2 & 4
  3. Only 1
  4. 2 & 4

Q.30.Western Coast in Tropical belt has deserts because

  1. This is the zone of air subsidence.
  2. This area is washed by cold Ocean current
  3. Both a & b
  4. None of the above

Q.31.Consider the following assumptions and conclusion:

A1:   City A has high average annual temperature but low annual range of temperature.A2:   City B has higher average annual temperature as well as high annual range of temperatureC1:   City A is more towards coast than City BC2:   City B is more towards equator than City A

Taking assumption as correct, select the correct conclusion

  1. Only C1
  2. Only C2
  3. Both
  4. None of the above

Q.32.Polar area has low temperature because

  1. It receives highly slanting rays
  2. Duration of days show great variations over season.
  3. Snow Cover has maximum albedo rate.

 

  1. All
  2. 1 & 2
  3. 1 & 3
  4. Only 1

Q.33.Relative humidity increases as we move towards equator or poles from Tropics, however, they have different causative factor. Consider such factors & select the correct ones:

  1. Equatorial areas have more suspended water vapour.
  2. Equatorial area has comparatively less temperature than Tropics.
  3. Polar areas have low temperature.
  4. Polar area has comparatively less water vapour in the air than Tropics.

 

  1. All
  2. 1,3 & 4
  3. 1, 2 & 3
  4. 1 & 3

Q.34.Which of the following facts about albedo is correct?

  1. Sea ice covered with snow has more albedo than without snow cover
  2. Oceans with sea ice has more albedo than open ocean
  3. Vegetation rich oceans have more albedo than oceans without it
  1. All
  2. Only 1
  3. 2 & 3
  4. 1 & 3

Q.35. Concentrations of carbon dioxide shows

  1. Fall during the Northern spring and summer as plants consume the gas.
  2. Rise during the Southern spring and summer as plants go dormant, die and decay.
  3. Rise during the Northern autumn and winter as plants go dormant, die and decay.
  4. Fall during the Southern autumn and winter as plants consume the gas.

Select the correct statements:

  1. 1 & 3
  2. 2 & 4
  3. 2, 3 & 4
  4. 1, 3 & 4

Q.36. Temperature at Tropopause

  1. Over equator is minimum because Troposphere has maximum height over equator.
  2. Over poles is minimum because Troposphere has maximum height over poles.
  3. Over poles is maximum because Troposphere has minimum height over poles.
  4. Over equator is maximum because Troposphere has minimum height over equator.

Select the correct statements:

  1. 1 & 3
  2. 2 & 4
  3. Only 1
  4. Only 4

Q.37.The Harmattan is known as Doctor along the Guinea coast in western Africa. It is because

  1. The arrival of these winds causes sudden increase in the air temperature as well as fall in humidity
  2. The coastal areas of western Africa receives heavy shower due to the arrival of these winds
  3. The arrival of these winds causes sudden drop in the air temperature and increases the humidity
  4. The weather becomes suddenly dry and pleasant at the arrival of these winds.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

  1. 1 & 3
  2. 1 & 4
  3. Only 1
  4. 3 & 4

Q.38. An isobar on a plain sheet shows a bend towards north. What does this signify?

  1. It shows water to land movement in northern hemisphere during winter.
  2. It shows land to water movement in northern hemisphere during winter.
  3. It shows water to land movement in northern hemisphere during summer.
  4. It shows water to land movement in southern hemisphere during summer.
  5. It shows water to land movement in southern hemisphere during winter.

 

  1. Only 1
  2. 1, 2 and 4
  3. 2, 3 and 5
  4. 1 and 4

Q.39. Consider the following features of Troposphere:

  1. The height of Tropopause is low
  2. The height of Tropopause is high

Consider the conditions and area:

  1. Equator
  2. Poles
  3. 21st June for Northern Hemisphere
  4. 22nd December for Southern Hemisphere

Now find the correct pairs:

  1. A-2 & 3; B-1 & 4
  2. A-2 & 4; B-1 & 3
  3. A-1, 3 & 4; B-2
  4. A-2 & 4; B-1,3,4

Q.40. Ozone in the Troposphere acts as green house gas because

  1. It absorbs UV rays and thus increases temperature.
  2. It absorbs incoming solar radiation and converts in into long wave radiation.
  3. It absorbs long wave terrestrial radiation and thus increases temperature.
  4. Ozone does not act as green house gas in the Troposphere.

Q.41. Taking other things constant, in a Tropical waters,

  1. On shore wind raises the temperature, as it piles up warm surface water near the coast.
  2. Off shore wind reduces the temperature, as it drives warm surface water away from the coast.
  3. Both a and b
  4. None of the above

Q.42. Pressure belts are

  1. More consistent in Sothern Hemisphere than Northern Hemisphere
  2. More inconsistent during summer than winter
  3. More consistent over Sea than land.

 

  1. All
  2. Only 1
  3. 2 and 3
  4. 1 and 3

Q.43. The maximum temperature on the Earth is recorded around the:

  1. Equator due to vertical rays of Sun
  2. Tropic of Cancer due to more land mass and subsidence of air
  3. Tropic of Capricorn due to less land mass and subsidence of air
  4. Inter-Tropical convergence Zone with vertical rays of Sun

Q.44. The Equatorial Climate is characterized by

  1. Uniform high temperature throughout the year
  2. Uniformly adequate rainfall throughout the year received through convective mechanism
  3. Subsiding warm air masses of the subtropical anticyclones

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

  1. 1 only
  2. 3only
  3. 1 and 2Only
  4. 1and 3 only

Q.45. Consider the following statements about weather conditions and select the correct answer using the code given below:

  1. Cloudy nights are relatively cooler.
  2. Cloudy nights are relatively warmer.
  3. Cloudy days are relatively cooler.

Code:

  1. 1 and 2 are correct
  2. 1 and 3 are correct
  3. 2 and 3 are correct
  4. 1,2 and 3 are correct

Q.46. Which of the following heavenly bodies revolve round the Sun?

  1. Trojan Asteroid
  2. Trojan Planet
  3. Both a & b
  4. None of the above

Q.47. Why granite rocks are light while basalts are heavy?

  1. Granite rocks are rich in lime
  2. Granite rocks lack iron and magnesium
  3. Basalt rocks are rich in iron and magnesium
  4. Both b & c are correct explanation

Q.48. Which of the following planets have retrograde rotation but not retrograde revolution?

  1. Venus
  2. Uranus
  3. Both a & b
  4. None of the above

Q.49. Which of the following are NOT the impacts of Rotation?

  1. It causes day and night.
  2. Deflection of winds and ocean currents towards left in the Northern Hemisphere
  3. Deflection of winds and ocean currents towards left in the Southern Hemisphere
  4. It causes rise and fall of tides every day

Q.50. Great Red Spot of Jupiter

  1. Is a high speed spinning anti-cyclonic storm located in Jupiter’s Southern Hemisphere.
  2. Is a high speed spinning anti-cyclonic storm located in Jupiter’s Northern Hemisphere.
  3. Is a high speed spinning cyclonic storm located in Jupiter’s Southern Hemisphere.
  4. It is powered by its solar energy and sustained by high speed winds

Q.51. If you are moving from one country to another and you gain time what does it is mean?

  1. You moved from Britain to France
  2. You moved from South Korea to Japan
  3. Both a & b
  4. None of the above

Q.52. Latitudes differ from longitudes in all respects EXCEPT:

  1. All latitudes are circular line while all longitudes are semi-circle.
  2. All latitudes are equidistant from each other while only few longitudes are equidistant from each other.
  3. At certain latitude, the longitudes are equally spaced, while at a certain longitude, the latitudes are not equally spaced.
  4. All latitudes intersect longitudes at right angle, while only some longitudes intersect latitudes at right angle.

Now, select from given combinations:

  1. 1 & 2
  2. 1, 2, 3 & 4
  3. 3 & 4
  4. Only 4

Q.53. Knowledge Commission of India has proposed for two Time Zones for India. Consider the following arguments:

  1. One time zone puts two hour difference between Arunachal and Gujarat that reduces working hours.
  2. One time zone is considered good for India because of its large illiterate population.
  3. Two time zones are considered against the concept of national integration.
  4. China has adopted three time zones to increase its efficiency.

Now, select the arguments put forward to support (S) and against (A) two time zones for India:

  1. S-1, 2 & 4; A-3
  2. S-1 & A-3
  3. S-1 & 4; A-3
  4. S-1

Q.54. Which of the following satellites have visited Mars, either in its orbit or on its surface?

  1. Maven     2. Spirit       3. Phoenix          4. MRO
  1. All
  2. 1 & 4
  3. 2 & 3
  4. 2, 3 & 4

Q.55. Consider following facts:

  1. City A has maximum duration of day
  2. City B has least variations between day and night duration.

Now, consider the following deduction

  1. City A lies in Temperate or beyond belt
  2. City B lies close to Prime Meridian.
  3. City B lies in southern Hemisphere, for the period between 23rd September to 22nd
  4. City A lies in Northern Hemisphere, for the period between 21st mach to 23rd September

Now find the correct deduction:

  1. 1 and 4
  2. 2, 3 and 4
  3. 1 and 3
  4. 1 , 3and 4

Q.56. Andes in South America and Great Rift Valley of East Africa have some common features. Select such common features:

  1. Both Andes and Great Rift Valley resulted due to converging plates.
  2. Both of them have several volcanic peaks.
  3. Both have dense evergreen forest.

 

  1. All
  2. 2 and 3
  3. Only 2
  4. 1 and 2

Q.57. Dust storm over moon is caused

  1. From dust present on moon’s surface that resulted from the disintegration of its rocks.
  2. By a single dust particles from comets due to low gravity of moon.
  1. Both
  2. Only 1
  3. Only 2
  4. None of the above

Q.58. Consider the following facts, assuming that the Earth does not rotate but only revolve round the sun.

  1. There will be no seasonal changes over Earth.
  2. Duration of tide over Earth will increase.
  3. Duration of day and night over Earth will increase.
  4. NE Trade wind in Northern Hemisphere will become SE.

Which of the above mentioned events will not occur under the assumed condition?

  1. 1 and 2
  2. 2 and 4
  3. 1 and 3
  4. 2 and 3

Q.59. Geomagnetic storm causes disturbances in communication and navigation network due to

  1. Tropospheric disturbance
  2. Stratospheric disturbance
  3. Ionospheric disturbance
  4. Lunar disturbance

Q.60. Goldi-lock zones are

  1. Transition belt between stars where gold is dominant mineral.
  2. Transition belt between planets where gold is dominant mineral.
  3. Life sustaining zones that lie at mean position in a star system.
  4. Life sustaining zones that lie close to its parent star.

Q.61. Magnetic flip means reversal of magnetic field. For Sun it takes every 11 years. Solar magnetic flip is associated with.

  1. Increased solar flare
  2. Geomagnetic storm
  3. Both a and b
  4. None of the above

Q.62. Super blood Moon Occurs when

  1. Moon is at Conjunction Syzygy
  2. Moon is at perigee
  3. Total lunar Eclipse occurs
  1. All
  2. 1 & 2
  3. 2 & 3
  4. 1 & 3

Q.63. Which of the following satellites have visited Neptune?

  1. Voyager- 1
  2. New Horizon
  3. Both a & b
  4. None of the above

Q.64. Igneous rocks:

  1. Are the main source of metallic minerals
  2. Its origin is closely associated with the movement of plates.
  3. It is always a hard rock.
  4. Are the records of the thermal history of the Earth.
  5. Volcanoes are the source of igneous rocks.

Correct facts about the igneous rocks:

  1. All
  2. 1, 2, 3 & 4
  3. 1, 2, 4 & 5
  4. 2, 3, 4 & 5

Q.65. A crescent moon occurs between

  1. A half moon and a new moon
  2. A new moon and a half moon
  3. Either a or b can be true
  4. None of the above is true

Q.66. Sun spot

  1. Is caused by intense magnetic activity which inhibits convection.
  2. Rises quickly but vanishes slowly
  3. Both a & b
  4. None of the above

Q.67. Sun is the brightest star as

  1. It is the closest star
  2. No other star is visible during the day time
  3. It is the most massive heavenly body closest to the Earth
  4. It produces energy through nuclear fusion
  1. All
  2. Only 2
  3. 2 & 4
  4. None of the above

Q.68. India’s Mars Orbiter Mission is searching for

  1. Magnetite over its surface
  2. Methane in its atmosphere
  3. Ammonia in its atmosphere
  4. Both b & c

Q.69.Mid night Sun occur during

  1. Summer
  2. Winter
  3. Either a or b
  4. Neither a nor b

Q.70. Presence of liquid water on Mars is exceptional phenomena because

  1. Mars is very cold and dry planet.
  2. Mars has thin atmosphere.
  1. Both 1 & 2 are correct
  2. Only 1 is correct
  3. Only 2 is correct
  4. None of the above is correct.

Q.71.Which of the following Dwarf Planets lie outside Kuipier belt?

  1. Pluto
  2. Haumea
  3. Make-Make
  4. Ceres
  5. Eris
  1. 2 & 3
  2. 1,2 & 3
  3. 2,3 & 4
  4. 4 & 5

Q.72. Consider the following facts about heavenly bodies:

  1. Some moons do have atmosphere
  2. All planets have atmosphere
  3. All comets intersect the orbit of Earth.

Choose the correct answer from the given codes:

  1. Only 2
  2. 1 & 2
  3. 1, 2 & 3
  4. None of the above

Q.73.Salinity is not high

  1. Along south-western coast of Australia
  2. Along the tropics
  3. Around Hokkaido island of Japan.
  1. All
  2. 1 & 3
  3. Only 2
  4. 2 & 3

Q.74. Sea level fall is caused by

  1. Sustained global cooling
  2. Glacial expansion
  3. Sinking of mid-oceanic ridges

 

  1. All
  2. 1& 2
  3. 2 & 3
  4. 1 & 3

Q.75. Which of the following are the impacts of the El Nino?

  1. “Great Wet Hope” for USA
  2. “Fish Crisis” for Brazil
  3. “Banana Boom” for Peru
  4. “Damp down Hurricane Activity” for Gulf of Mexico
  5. “Wheat rust Syndrome” for Europe
  6. “Forest Fire” for Australia

 

  1. 1, 3, 4 & 6
  2. 2, 3, 5 & 6
  3. 1, 3 & 6
  4. 3, 4 & 6

Q.76.Navigation around Hokkaido island of Japan is very difficult. This is so due to:

  1. Cold currents coming from Sea of Okhotsk
  2. Lack of visibility due to meeting of cold Labrador and warm of Gulf Stream
  3. Shallow water in the zone
  4. Frequent Earthquake & Tsunami
  1. 1 & 2
  2. 1, 2, & 3
  3. 1, 3 & 4
  4. Only 1

Q.77.What will be the impact of warming Indian Ocean?

  1. Weak Monsoon over South Asia.
  2. Loss of marine biodiversity.
  3. Both
  4. None of the above

Q.78. Coral Triangle

  1. Lies on both sides of Equator
  2. Extends from Philippines Sea to Tasmania Sea
  3. Both a & b are correct
  4. Either can be correct, depending on specific conditions

Q.79. Which of the following factors are directly or indirectly related with the coral bleaching?

  1. Drought conditions in Asia
  2. Flood on the eastern coast of South America
  3. Increased salinity level in the eastern Pacific Ocean
  4. Decreased flow of Equatorial Currents
  5. Weak Monsoon wind in Asia

 

  1. All
  2. 1, 4 & 5
  3. 1, 2, 4 & 5
  4. 1, 3, 4 & 5

Q.80.Which of the following statements is incorrect:

  1. Oceans absorb about one third of atmospheric carbon-di-oxide produced due to burning of fossil fuel
  2. Ocean’s ability to absorb carbon-di-oxide is inversely proportional to ocean water temperature
  3. Atmosphere is comparatively larger reservoir of carbon-di-oxide than oceans.
  4. Ocean acidification increases due to excess carbon-di-oxide absorption
  1. 1 & 2
  2. 1 & 4
  3. 2 & 3
  4. 2 & 4

Q.81.Tropics have higher salinity level than Equatorial region because

  1. It is the zone of subsiding air
  2. It is the zone of active air
  3. Relative Humidity is less
  4. Cloud formation is rare in this zone
  1. All
  2. 1,2 & 3
  3. 1,3 & 4
  4. 2 & 3

Q.82.Which of the following factors affects ocean currents?

  1. Wind
  2. Coriolis Force
  3. Ekman Spirals
  4. Water Salinity
  5. Grasslands
  1. 1,2,3 & 4
  2. 1,2,4 & 5
  3. 1,2 & 4
  4. 1 & 2

Q.83.Consider the following facts about ice bergs:

  1. Are chunks of ice that breaks from sea ice
  2. Sources of ice bergs are – glaciers and ice shelves
  3. Melting of icebergs does not increase sea level
  4. Initial formation of ice bergs from glacial increases sea-level

Now, select the correct facts:

  1. All
  2. 1,2 & 3
  3. 2 & 3
  4. 2,3 & 4

Q.84.Formation of sea ice

  1. Increases salinity of water below it
  2. Increases density of ocean water and promotes sinking
  3. Both a & b are correct
  4. None of the above is correct

Q.85. A foreign ship was stopped by Indian coast Guard officers as it entered UNCLOS’s defined zones. However, it was later released. Which of the below mentioned deductions can be made on the basis of above mentioned events?

  1. Foreign ship might not have entered internal water.
  2. Foreign ship may have entered Territorial Water but it might have been declared “innocent passage”
  3. Foreign ship might have entered Pursuit Zone but it paid custom and so was released.
  4. Foreign ship might have entered EEZ, outside Pursuit Zone but it paid taxes and duty and so was released.
  5. Foreign ship might have ventured into territorial water without any ar3ms and ammunitions in a contigunous manner.
  1. All
  2. 1,2,3 and 4
  3. 1,2,3 and 5
  4. 2,3,4 and 5

Q.86.Consider the following facts provided under United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea:

  1. It provides for “innocent passage” through any territorial waters.
  2. “Innocent passage “means passing through waters in an expeditions and continuous manner only.
  3. Fishing and polluting in territorial water are also treated as “innocent passage”
  4. Submarines and other under water vehicles are required to navigate on the surface and to show their flag.
  5. “Innocent passage “can never be suspended by a nation in its territorial water.

Now select the correct facts:

  1. All
  2. 1, 2 and 3
  3. 2,4 and 5
  4. 1, 2 and 4

Q.87. Consider the following statements and select the correct answer using the code given below;

  1. Atoll is ring-shaped island of coral reefs.
  2. A coral reef surrounding an island or lying parallel to the shore of a continent, separated from land by a deep lagoon is known as a barrier reef.
  3. A reef attached to the shore of a continent or island is called a fringing reef.
  4. Coral formations are not found along the eastern coast of Brazil.

Code:

  1. 1,3 and 4are correct
  2. 1,2and 4are correct
  3. 1,2and 3 are correct
  4. 1,2,3 and 4are correct

Q.88. Consider the following locations:

  1. Western coast of Honshu
  2. Eastern coast of Madagascar
  3. Western coast of Australia.

Now, consider the given geological, climatic and oceanic features:

  1. Desert along the coast
  2. Dense vegetation along the coast.
  3. Warm coast
  4. High salinity along the coast.

Find the correct pairs:

  1. A-3;B-2,3;C-1,4
  2. A-3,4;B-2,3;C-1,3
  3. A-3,B-2,4;C-1,3
  4. A-2,3;B-3,4;C-2,4

Q.89. Black Sea has slightly less salinity than Caspian Sea because

  1. Black Sea is longitudinally more extensive.
  2. Black Sea is located in Tropical and Sub-Tropical Belt
  3. Black Sea receives more fresh water through rivers.
  4. Black Sea has small connectivity with the Mediterranean Sea

 

  1. 1,3 and 4
  2. 2, 3and 4
  3. 3 and 4
  4. Only 4

Q.90. Tropical Ocean has high salinity due to:

  1. Subsidence of air along Horse Latitude
  2. Calm weather condition
  3. Low relative humidity

 

  1. All
  2. Only 1
  3. 1 & 2
  4. 1 & 3

Q.91. Consider the following facts:

  1. Freezing temperature of salt water is higher than fresh water
  2. Fresh water becomes less dense as it nears freezing point
  3. Saline water becomes more dense as it nears freezing point
  4. Saline water takes more time to freeze as compared to fresh water

Now, select the correct facts:

  1. All
  2. 1,2 & 3
  3. 2 & 3
  4. 2,3 & 4

Q.92.Consider the following factors that affect salinity of ocean water:

  1. On shore wind
  2. Off shore wind
  3. Zone of subsidence of air
  4. High speed wind
  5. Steep atmospheric pressure gradient

Now, select those, that increases salinity

  1. 2, 3, 4 & 5
  2. 1, 3, 4 & 5
  3. 3, 4 & 5
  4. 1, 4 & 5

Q.12. Trappist 1 is a

  1. Planet
  2. Star
  3. Comet
  4. Satellite

Q. 94. Johnson Line keeps Aksai Chin in

  1. Xinjiang Province
  2. Tibet
  3. China
  4. Jammu & Kashmir

Q.95. Which of the following conditions favour cyclones in Bay of Bengal?

  1. Strong Walker cell in S. Pacific Ocean
  2. Presence of Easterly & Westerly Jet Streams in the area
  3. EI Nino Modoki in the Pacific Ocean
  1. All
  2. Only1
  3. 1 & 2
  4. 2 & 3

Q.96. Rohtang Pass

  1. Connects Kullu valley with Lahul Spiti Valley
  2. Lies in the Pir Punjal Range
  3. Satluj enters India through this Pass

Correct statements are

  1. All
  2. 1 &2
  3. Only 1
  4. 2 &3

Q.97. Bhitarkanika mangrove forest is formed by deltas of rivers

  1. Subarnarekha & Budhabalanga
  2. Budhabalanga & Baitarni
  3. Baitarni & Barhmani
  4. Barhmani & Rushikulya

Q.98.Consider the following climatic and topographical conditions:

  1. The area has Khadar soil
  2. Annual Range of temperature high.
  3. The area is visited by late Monsoon wind
  4. Winter is generally severe.

Now, select the name of crop-combination of that area

  1. Paddy & Jate
  2. Pubes & oil seeds
  3. Wheat & oilseeds
  4. Jwar & bajra

Q.99.Decrease in net sown area (Cultivable agriculture land) will

  1. Lead to food insecurity
  2. Slow down economic growth
  3. Open new avenues for poor
  4. Increase per capita Income

 

  1. 1 & 2
  2. 3 & 4
  3. Only 2
  4. 1, 3 & 4

Q.100. Panama Canal shortcut greatly reduced the time for ships to travel between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, enabling them to avoid the:

  1. Lengthy Cape of Good Hope route
  2. Lengthy Cape Horn route
  3. Hazardous Drake Passage
  4. Hazardous Strait of Magellan

Correct possibilities from the given choices are:

  1. 1, 3 & 4
  2. 2, 3 & 4
  3. 1 & 3
  4. 2 & 4
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