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Geography and Environment Test for IAS Prelims- 1/2017

Q.1. India demanded late Peak date for HFC Reduction Pathway for developing countries at Kigali. What was India’s logic behind this demand?

  1. Chemical firms in developed countries hold most of the intellectual property for clean alternatives to HFCs.
  2. HFCs enhances food security in developing countries and so they need alternative before their freeze
  3. India contributes only less than 2% of HFC, as also other developing countries contribution is still less.
  4. India also objected to the inclusion of a GHG like HFC under Montreal Protocol, rather than under Kyoto Protocol.
  1. All
  2. 1,2 & 3
  3. 1 & 3
  4. 1, 3 & 4

Q.2. Consider the following statements about Indo-Gangetic plain:

  1. Wheat field decreases as we move from West to East due to increase in clay content in the soil
  2. Paddy field increases as we move from West to East due to increase in clay content in the soil
  3. Black Gram field increases as we move from West to East due to increase in the level of ground water.

Now, select the correct statements:

  1. Only 1
  2. 2 & 3
  3. Only 3
  4. 1 & 3

Q.3. Which of the following fact results at the emigration point?

  1. Birth rate decreases
  2. Dependency ratio decreases
  3. Literacy level declines
  4. Youth population decreases
  1. 1, 2, & 3
  2. 1, 2 & 4
  3. 2, 3 & 4
  4. 1 & 4

Q.4. Increase in volcanic activities may result in Global deeming due to

  1. formation of icy crystalline SO2 in the Troposphere
  2. formation of icy crystalline SO2 in the Stratosphere
  3. either a or b can be correct depending on its timing
  4. Neither nor b is correct explanation.

Q.5. Cover crop promotes carbon capture because

  1. It increases soil moisture that attracts more carbon capturing microbes
  2. It increases humus content that absorbs more CO2
  3. Both a & b
  4. None of the above

Q.6. The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction sets four specific priorities for action. They do not include

  1. Understanding disaster risk
  2. Strengthening disaster risk governance to manage disaster risk
  3. Investing in infrastructure to enhance social mobolisation
  4. Enhancing disaster preparedness for effective response

Q.7. Stilwell road, a II World War Road, links

  1. Assam with the Yunnan province of China
  2. Assam with the Yunnan Province of China through Myanmar
  3. Bangladesh with the Yunnan province of China through India
  4. Myanmar with the Yunnan province of China through India

Q.8. In the process of declaration of protected area in India, there is a general trend that is followed.

Now consider such pattern & select the correct ones

  1. Protected Forest succeeds Reserve forest
  2. Wildlife sanctuary precedes national Park
  3. Biosphere Reserve succeeds National Park
  1. All
  2. 1 & 2
  3. 1 & 3
  4. 2 & 3

Q.9. Which of the following coral reefs represents atoll?

  1. Gulf of Kutch
  2. Lakshadweep
  3. Both a & b
  4. Gulf of Mannar

Q.10. Rosetta was a space craft that collected details of

  1. Jupiter
  2. 67 P Comet
  3. 67 P satellites of Jupiter
  4. Philae comet

Q.11. Nine Dash Line

  1. Is a demarcation line used initially by Republic of China to claim major part of SCS.
  2. Is a demarcation line Great Lakes between USA & Canada
  3. Is a demarcation line between North & South Korea that is claimed by North Korea.
  4. Is a demarcation line between Russia and Japan claimed as sovereign line by Japan.

Q.12. Zemu glacier is located in the state of

  1. JK
  2. Himachal Pradesh
  3. Uttrakhand
  4. Sikkim

Q.13. Consider the following conditions

  1. The area has continental type of climate
  2. The area has less clay in the alluvial soil
  3. The area receives moderate to low rainfall

Then the crop grow in this region during summer is

  1. Green gram
  2. Mustard
  3. Black gram
  4. Sunflower

Q.14. Monsoon Breaks refer to

  1. Late arrival of Monsoon
  2. Early departure of Monsoon
  3. Early strike of Monsoon
  4. Dry spell during Monsoon

Q.15. Bioremediation refers to the use of micro organisations to

  1. Degrade environment
  2. Degrade environmental pollutants
  3. Both a & b
  4. None of the above

Q.16. Koree river is a

  1. Tributary of River Brahmputra
  2. Distributary of River Padma
  3. Distributary of River Indus
  4. Tributary of River Meghna

Q.17. Ratle Hydropower plant is on

  1. River Chenab in HP
  2. River Chenab in JK
  3. River Jhelum in JK
  4. River Ravi in Punjab

Q.18. Six megaports are planned under Sagarmala project does not include

  1. Sagar Island
  2. Karwar
  3. Macchlipatnam
  4. Tadali

Q.19. Which of the following are the common traits of invasive species?

  1. Phenotypic plasticity
  2. High pollination ability
  3. High ecological competence
  4. Ability to disperse easily
  5. Ability to feed or large variety of food
  1. 1, 2, 3, 4 & 5
  2. 1, 2, 4 & 5
  3. 1, 4 & 5
  4. 1, 3 ,4 & 5

Q.20. Which of the following are the impacts of El Nino?

  1. Drought in Tropical Area
  2. Reduced capacity of ocean as carbon-sink
  3. Reduced food security environment in the world
  4. Enhanced agro-forest activity in Europe
  1. All
  2. 1, 2 & 3
  3. 1 & 2
  4. 1 & 3

Q.21. World’s largest Marine Protected Area is

  1. Weddell Sea Protected Area
  2. Ross Sea Protected Area
  3. Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve
  4. Sea of Okhotsk Marine Park

Q.22. Cyclones rarely form along the equator due to

  1. The weak Coriolis effect present in the region.
  2. The weak Rossby number present in the region
  3. Both a & b are correct explanations
  4. None of the above is correct explanation

Q.23.Western Coast in Tropical belt has deserts because

  1. This is the zone of air subsidence.
  2. This area is washed by cold Ocean current
  3. Both a & b
  4. None of the above

Q.24.Relative humidity increases as we move towards equator or poles from Tropics, however, they have different causative factor. Consider such factors & select the correct ones:

  1. Equatorial areas have more suspended water vapour.
  2. Equatorial area has comparatively less temperature than Tropics.
  3. Polar areas have low temperature.
  4. Polar area has comparatively less water vapour in the air than Tropics.

 

  1. All
  2. 1,3 & 4
  3. 1, 2 & 3
  4. 1 & 3

Q.25. Why oceans of Polar belt have less salinity than that of Equatorial belt?

  1. Polar belt records more albedo
  2. Polar belt records more relative humidity
  3. Both a & b are correct causes
  4. Polar belt is less windy

Q.26.Formation of sea ice

  1. Increases salinity of water below it
  2. Increases density of ocean water and promotes sinking
  3. Both a & b are correct
  4. None of the above is correct

Q.27. African Savanna differs from Brazilian Campos in all except:

  1. African Savanna has tall grasses as compared to Brazilian Campos
  2. African Savanna has little drier climate as compared to Brazilian Campos
  3. African Savanna has chestnut soil while Brazilian Campos has chernozem soil
  4. African Savanna has more bio-diversity as compared to Brazilian Campos

Q.28. Based on the following descriptions, name the region that correctly match with them:

  1. Soil of the area is mainly laterite.
  2. Vegetation is evergreen.
  3. Herbivores are generally not found in the area.
  1. Savanna of Africa
  2. Java island of Indonesia
  3. Vancouver
  4. Western coast of Peru

Q.29.Which of the following features are associated with Podzol soil?

  1. Broad leaved forest
  2. Evergreen forest
  3. Deciduous tree
  4. Monoculture
  5. Needle leaves
  1. 1, 2 & 4
  2. 3, 4 & 5
  3. 4 & 5
  4. Only 1

Q.30.Asper India’s INDC, India sets

  1. Emission reduction target of 33-35/ per unit of GDP
  2. Target year of 2030
  3. Both a & b
  4. None of the above

Q.31. Namdapha National Park

  1. Is the largest protected area in the Eastern Himalayan biodiversity Hotspot
  2. It house all the 4 big cats, like Tiger, Lion, Leopard & Panther.
  3. It harbours the northern most lowland evergreen Rainforest in the world

Correct statements about Namdapha are

  1. Only 1
  2. 1 & 2
  3. Only 2
  4. 1 & 3

Q.32. Which of the following will promote forest cover?

  1. Involving locals in forestry programme
  2. Promoting local verities in forestry programme
  3. Commercialisation of forestry
  4. Changing forest laws to involve tribal in forest planning
  1. 1, 2, 3 & 4
  2. 1 & 4
  3. 1, 3 & 4
  4. 2, 3 & 4

Q.33. Consider the following facts about environment protection in India:

  1. No appeal can be made against National Green Tribunal’s award
  2. NGT is guided by the Principle of Natural Justice
  3. NGT is a Statutory body
  4. Establishment of NGT confirms the provision of Article 21 of our Constitution.

Choose the correct combination from the given code:

  1. 1, 2 & 3
  2. 2, 3 & 4
  3. 1, 3 & 4
  4. 2 & 3
 

 

 

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