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China will oppose India’s NSG bid

China made it clear that it will not back India’s bid alone to join the Nuclear Suppliers Group.  Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Hong Lei asserted that any decision on the inclusion of new members will be based on “consensus” and that all non-NPT countries should be considered for inclusion into the group.

India, Pakistan, Israel and South Sudan are among the four UN member states which have not signed the NPT.

US and other members are pressing for India’s membership on the ground that

  1. India’s nuclear programme is aimed at meeting energy security
  2. India has signed 123 Agreement with the USA
  3. India’s well defined Nuclear Doctrine that assures “No First Use”
  4. Indian matured democracy
  5. IAEA has the right to inspect India’s civil nuclear reactors

However, China has called for “through discussions” among the NSG members about entry of non-NPT states amid assertions that if India gets entry then Pakistan should also get similar opportunity.

Why India has not signed NPT?

  1. India see NPT as discriminatory because it provides for two sets of rule- one for the “Haves” and other for “Have not”
  2. “Haves” include 5 Permanent members of UNSC and “Have not” includes non-nuclear states of that time.
  3. China, India’s immediate gets special right in nuclear test and India has not a good relation with it.
  4. India is surrounded by irresponsible countries like China and Pakistan, where democracy has almost no root.
  5. Moreover, NPT does not talk about complete ban or dismantling of existing stockpiles

India’s Nuclear Doctrine

Three pillars of India’s nuclear doctrine are:-

  1. No first use
  2. Credible minimum deterrent: – The concept of minimum nuclear deterrent will include sufficient survivable and operationally prepared nuclear forces.
  3. Nuclear command authority: – set up in 2003. It has three tier
  • Political council: - headed by PM. It is the body that authorizes the use of nuclear weapon.
  • Executive council: - headed by national security advisor. It helps in decision making by NCA.
  • Strategic force command: - it is responsible for the administration of nuclear forces and has the power of firing the nuclear weapons.

NSG

Nuclear Suppliers Group is a multinational body that came into existence after India’s 1974 Pokharan –I nuclear test. It is a 48 member grouping whose members either have nuclear minerals or nuclear technology.

Its main objective is

  • To reduce nuclear proliferation by controlling the export and re-transfer of materials that may be applicable to nuclear weapon development and by improving safeguards and protection on existing materials.
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